Explore the Ancient Wonders of the Citadel of Qaitbay
The Citadel of Qaitbay is an ancient fortress on Egypt's Mediterranean coast. Built in the 15th century, it is one of the most impressive and well-preserved fortifications from the Mamluk period. The Citadel has a long and fascinating history, and it is a popular tourist destination for those interested in exploring the wonders of the past.
Sultan Al-Ashraf Qaitbay built the Citadel in 1477 to protect Alexandria from sea-borne attacks. It was designed as a square fortress with four towers at each corner and surrounded by a moat. The walls were made of limestone blocks up to seven meters thick, making them virtually impregnable. Inside the fortress were several buildings, including a mosque, barracks, stables, storehouses, and living quarters for soldiers and officials.
The Citadel was an essential part of Alexandria’s defence system for centuries. It was used during both World Wars as an observation post to watch for enemy ships approaching the city’s harbour. During this time, it also served as a prison for political prisoners. In modern times, it has become a popular tourist attraction due to its unique architecture and historical significance.
Visitors to the Citadel will be amazed by its grandeur and beauty. The walls still stand firm after centuries of wear and tear, providing visitors with an impressive view of its strength and resilience. Inside the walls are several buildings that have been restored to their former glory, including the mosque, barracks, stables, storehouses, and living quarters for soldiers and officials. There is also a museum inside where visitors can learn more about the history of this impressive fortress.
One of the most exciting features of this ancient wonder is its lighthouse tower which stands over 30 meters tall on top of one of its corner towers. This lighthouse was used to warn ships of the dangerous rocks near Alexandria’s harbour entrance during ancient times. Today it serves as an iconic symbol of this historic site which can be seen from miles away along Egypt’s Mediterranean coast.
The Citadel also offers visitors spectacular views across Alexandria’s harbour and the Mediterranean Sea beyond it. From here, you can see all sorts of boats coming in and out of port or admire the stunning scenery around you while taking in the fresh sea air!
The Citadel of Qaitbay is truly one of Egypt’s most remarkable ancient wonders that should not be missed when visiting Alexandria or Egypt in general! It offers visitors a unique insight into Egypt’s past while offering them spectacular views across Alexandria’s harbour that will take your breath away! So, if you find yourself in Egypt anytime soon, take some time to explore this fantastic site!